Gestational diabetes is poor for both short term and long term maternal and fetal health. Gestational diabetes occurs in 7.6% of all pregnancies in the United States and is linked to adverse perinatal outcomes as well as increased long-term cardiometabolic risk. It is also associated with long-term obesity and other metabolic disorders in the child.
Many studies have shown the benefits of proper diet and exercise during pregnancy in the prevention of gestational diabetes.
The newest study from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts shows that plant-based diets prior to pregnancy may help lower the risk of gestational diabetes.
There are some diets that are plant based but not as healthy. They recommended limiting unhealthful plant-based foods such as refined grains, potatoes, and sugar-sweetened foods and beverages.
Reducing consumption of certain animal-based foods, particularly red and processed meats, also decreased gestational diabetes risk.